Big 5 OCEAN Traits are a suggested grouping of personality traits into 5 broad categories. This idea is being studied since the 80’s and has been tested empirically. This test is usually done as survey. The word OCEAN is an acronym for
- O – Openness to experience
- C - Conscientiousness
- E – Extraversion
- A – Agreeableness
- N – Neuroticism
The OCEAN personality measure has a notorious history of being associated with the Cambridge Analytica scandal, as they used a variation of this measure in personality profiling.
This theory is developed from the discovered semantic associations found in personality surveys. For example, the people who are more open to experiences are more likely to describe themselves as curious, intellectual and contemplative. In this way, the theory groups most character traits into 5 overarching traits.
This scale is not in black and white, rather is on a continuum. For example, Openness ranges from being cautious to being extremely open to experiences.
The best (and probably only place) to use the results of the test is in tailoring the interview for a particular candidate. An additional place you can consider utilizing this test is improving the cultural, temperamental and personal diversity of your company.
The last thing you must be doing is shortlisting based on one’s result of a personality. Personality tests will never be a predictor of job success or even the skills necessary for a job. Research on usage of personality tests for selecting candidates is shoddy at best. BEWARE OF IMPROPER USAGE
Openness to experience is a general appreciation of art, adventure, ideas, imagination, curiosity, and more generally, a variety of experience. People who have a higher Openness index tend to be intellectually curious, more open to emotion, more adventures and more likely to have unconventional ideas and belief’s.
Conscientiousness is a measure of a person’s propensity for self-discipline, sense of duty, planning and strive for achievement. High conscientiousness is associated with focus, industry and stubbornness. Low measure of conscientiousness is associated with flexibility and spontaneity.
Extraversion is a measure of a person’s tendency to enjoy interacting with people. People with high levels of Extraversion tends to enjoy being with people, more dominant and are perceived to be full of energy. People with low levels of extraversion tend to be quiet, reserved, low-key and socially less involved.
A person with high levels of agreeableness value getting along with others, kind, considerate, generous and trust worthy. People with low levels of agreeableness tends to be perceived as argumentative, competitive and less kind.
Neuroticism is a measure of the tendency of a person to experience negative emotions like anger, anxiety, and even depression. This can also be regarded as a measure of emotional instability.